What Is a Discourse Analysis?
Another tool used in exegesis at Westminster is discourse analysis, a method which studies the logical relationships between the various propositions in a passage. Since exegesis seeks to understand what the text actually says, rather than what the reader assumes it says, it is crucial that you understand the logical development of the original author’s thought (ideally in the original languages). By breaking down a text into individual propositions and asking, “What grammatical and syntactical cues indicate how these ideas relate?” the careful exegete can begin to understand the emphases of the original author. In the process, this deep grammatical study of the text often generates various questions for the exegete to investigate.