English Requirements

Non-Native English Speakers (TOEFL and TWE)

An applicant whose native language is other than English, or for whom English was not the language of instruction from the primary grades (regardless of U.S. citizenship or residency) must demonstrate proficiency in English. The minimum score for applicants on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) must be 570 paper-based (230 computer-based or 88-89 internet-based [iBT]) for the M.A.B.C., M.A.U.M., M.A.R., M.Div., and D.Min programs, and 600 paper-based (250 computer-based or 100 iBT) for the Th.M. and Ph.D. programs. The minimum acceptable score on the Test of Written English (TWE) is 4.5 for M.A.B.C., M.A.U.M., M.A.R., and M.Div. applicants and 5 for Th.M., Ph.D., and D.Min. applicants. An official record of the test must be sent to the Seminary by the Educational Testing Center. Photocopies of test results will not be accepted.

All applicants who are admitted to the Seminary with the minimum required score of 570 or 600 (230 or 250 computer-based or 88-89 or 100 iBT respectively), but less than 640, on the TOEFL must register for a course in Advanced Theological Writing (PT 031P) during their first semester on campus and during each subsequent semester until the course is passed. The course must be passed in order for the student to graduate. There is a tuition fee for this course (see course description for PT 031P). Only those students who submit a TOEFL score of 630 (267 computer) or higher and a TWE score of 5.5 or higher will be exempt from PT 031P.

Minimum Required Scores:







M.A.B.C., M.A.U.M., M.A.R., M.Div.












Th.M., Ph.D.






All applicants to Th.M. and Ph.D. programs must submit, in addition to the TOEFL and TWE score, a score of not less than 50 on the Test of Spoken English (TSE-A). This test is not part of the TOEFL and requires an additional fee. It is administered twelve times per year at centers around the world.

The TOEFL and TWE exams are required for those whose native language is not English. If the applicant’s native language is not English, but he/she has been educated in English from the primary grades through undergraduate work, he/she will be exempt from taking the TOEFL and TWE exams.

To register for the TOEFL/TWE or TSE test, applicants should contact TOEFL/TSE Services, P.O. Box 6151, Princeton, NJ 085416151, USA (telephone: 609-882-6601; web address: Westminster’s code number, 2976, should be noted on materials sent to TOEFL/TSE Services.

Applicants who pass the TOEFL exemption test and are admitted to Westminster must register for Advanced Theological Writing (PT 031P) (see above).

The Educational Testing Service offers a free document online called Studying Abroad: A Guide to Prepare for Success, which you may find useful. (off-site URL)